To oversimplify the difference between Freud and Adler, Freud focused on sex and aggression and Adler focused on power and status. Adler viewed much human motivation as originating during the lengthy period of child- hood, when we are relatively powerless to control our lives. In response to this feeling of helpless- ness, the human being, according to Adler, develops a powerful urge to master his or her world. This desire for control and mastery becomes the central drive in human life.
Dreams would clearly have a different significance for Adler than they had for Freud. In Freudian theory, dreams are fundamentally arenas within which inner tensions, many of them safely hidden from view in the unconscious, could be safely discharged. Often these tensions have roots in infantile conflicts, making dreams pasoriented. For Adler, on the other hand, dreams become part of the larger project of the individual to master his or her life. In particular, dreams come about as a result of an effort—whether that effort is effective or not—to anticipate future situations, so as to allow us to imaginatively prepare for them. Although dreams are intended to help the dreamer acquire more control over his or her world, Adler recognized that many dreams are maladaptive, in the sense that, if one were to actu- ally follow their guidance, the practical results would be to detract from, rather than enhance, the goal of mastery over one’s environment.
Adler’s views provide a radically different perspective on dreams from Freud’s. For Freud dreams serve to discharge inner tensions originat- ing in the past and hidden in the unconscious, whereas for Adler the function of dreams is to anticipate the future. Also, one of the results of Adler’s portrayal of dreams is to make them more related to the thoughts and motivations of waking consciousness, in marked contrast to Freud’s portrayal, which emphasizes the disjunction between the waking and the dreaming state. Adler’s ideas, particularly as developed and for- mulated by later theorists, have influenced many contemporary therapists.... Dreampedia
An armored truck may also signify the need to protect your bank account from yourself or others, or it may be an indication that you have met someone who heavily guards their money and other resources.
(See Truck)... Ariadne's Book of Dream
Dreaming of sitting beneath or near an ash tree can symbolize growing intuition, or perhaps a calling to follow a Druidical path spiritually.
The Norse honored the ash as being the World Tree in their mythology.
If you are of Norse decent, this tree may represent your own familial lines and ties (see Trees, Yggdrasit).... The Language of Dreams
According to Freud, a reference to female sexuality. White flowers mean sexual innocence; red flowers mean sexual maturity.... Little Giant Encyclopedia
If one sees himself in a dream concluding his ablution or ritual bath with the essence of a Carnelianred, it means that he owns something blessed. Such blessings will manifest in one’s work and success in his material as well as spiritual life.
A Carnelian-red stone in a dream also represents one’s progeny, good religious conduct, good character, while seeing the white variety of this stone has a stronger meaning 70 and a better attribute than the red.
(Also see Aqiq canyons; Aqiqah rites)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
Depth Psychology: See Furniture, Chair, Sofa. Chalice
Vision: Seeing a chalice: great sorrow ahead. Drinking from a chalice: joy and calm waters are yours right now. Breaking a chalice: bad news will spoil your fun.
Depth Psychology: The chalice symbolizes the “vessel of your soul, “ where all your emotions, hopes, and desires reside and of which you are only partly aware. It also is representative of the relationship you have with your feminine side and your mother. Often the chalice stands for the “cup of sorrow.” See Cup, Container.... Dreamers Dictionary
(1) If in a dream you are - or feel - cornered, this w ill symbolize some frustration in yourself, the causes of which may be internal or external. In either case, you are being called on to make a decision. Ultimately the choice is between sliding into a neurosis and taking control of the situation (internal or external).
(2) Turning a comer, on the other hand, may signify taking a new direction in life; taking a turn for the better. See also Left, Right / Left.
cow... A Dictionary of Dream Symbols
To credit another, warns you to be careful of your affairs, as you are likely to trust those who will eventually work you harm.... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation
If your dream involved the use of credit other than your own, you can look forward to a period of easy money.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams
If you’re having financial difficulties in real life, this dream may simply symbolize your real troubles and/or attitudes related to money, work, and saving.
If you dream about losing your credit card, this suggests you are being careless in some aspect of your waking life.
A dream of having your credit card stolen suggests that something or someone is robbing you of vital energy.... My Dream Interpretation
To dream of yourself as the daredevil may be showing you that you are leaping into a situation before you have thought it through. Speaking to a daredevil within a dream suggests that heightened awareness is called for to keep you in balance.... Dream Symbols and Analysis
If the top half of your body is missing, this indicates lack of reasoning and emotional intelligence.
If the bottom half is missing, this relates to loss, or denial of instincts and sexuality.
If the body is injured or you see injuries, this suggests emotional scars or hurts, or repressed anger.
If the body is cut open, this indicates a vital change within yourself or the release of emotional tension.
In times past, such dreams were interpreted as the release of ‘evil spirits’, hence the association of a sometimes painful release of tension.
Loss of limbs in a body usually indicates a sense of inadequacy, sometimes connected with the limb that is lost. For example, loss of legs could suggest an inability to stand up for yourself or someone dependent on you. Loss of an arm could indicate an inability to influence other people, or to give and receive.
If your body is burnt in the dream, this suggests an emotional scar, and if the burn is painful, this suggests that you are relating to this hurt in an unhelpful, self-destructive way. If, however, the burning isn’t painful, it has a more positive interpretation: feelings of potential and new beginnings.
Marks on the body in a dream suggest things you carry with you in life, or experiences that have marked you.
If your body is crawling with maggots, this indicates the need to cleanse your body of toxins, infection or resentment. A murdered body in a dream represents aspects of your life that you find hard to deal with, such as anger towards a family member. Sometimes such anger may be a way of avoiding the real issues involved and, if this is the case, the dream murder may show how you feel about being ‘murdered’ by lack of love or trust.
If you are pulling things out of your body in your dream, this suggests growing self-knowledge; you are becoming aware of thoughts and emotions of which you were previously unaware. See also SICKNESS AND HEALTH.... The Element Encyclopedia
If a sick person sees himself in a dream inflamed with love it may mean his death. Fire in a dream also means love. Love in a dream also means heedlessness and failure to fulfill one’s religious obligations. It also means financial losses, losing one’s child, divorce, despise of one’s friends, hunger, travels, sickness or dangers. Being enamored with God in a dream means a strong devotion and certitude. Pretending to be in love in one’s dream means straying from God’s path. Ifone finally reaches his beloved to mates with in the dream, it means that adversities may strike at him, or affect his or her beloved.
(Also see Love)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
Drawing together the symbols of the Sun and the Eagle, this image represents our ability to move into other areas of perception and knowledge.
The Centre. Solar Power.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
It is possible that your personal relationships require review.
If you see the ingredients in bad shape, it could be that you harbor guilty feelings about missing an opportune moment to begin a certain task.... The Big Dictionary of Dreams
The exception is, if you see your own name in the credits - that indicates you are aware of your own uniqueness, and have good confidence in your abilities.... My Dream Interpretation
If you are hanging yourself: it is a message from your unconscious that your personality is unfolding and still “up in the air,” but this stage will soon be completed. See Hanging.
A stabbing refers to an immature, aggressive sexuality (See Dagger) and the desire for a quick resolution to conflicts or problems. Suffocating refers to situations you have not yet accepted. See .Asthma. Drowning either serves as a warning or indicates that you are about to drown under the weight of present events, responsibilities, and dangers. See Execution, Gallows, Murder. Being an eyewitness to a murder: the disagreements that people around you have are none of your business—leave them alone. Murder-dreams imply that you will live to a ripe old age. Dreaming about being murdered: are you refusing to accept the harsh reality—that a phase in your life is coming to an end? If you are participating in a murder: you are shamelessly exploiting someone’s bad luck for your own ends.
Depth Psychology: While you feel you should be ashamed of what you have done, you have pushed your guilt feelings underground and now are facing the consequences. Sometimes the dream also means that you want (or need to) end a phase in your life.
The murderer represents hidden fears coming to the fore, which weaken or threaten to destroy your personal growth. Do something about it and do it quickly. Dreaming about murdering someone: you are struggling with problems and would like nothing better than to get rid of someone (unconscious aggression). Clear the air as soon as possible! Dreams about murder mean that an insight or opportunity for advancement has been “murdered.” Usually you yourself are the murderer and are being murdered. Additional dream symbols will be highly informative.See Aggression, Anger.... Dreamers Dictionary
Another explanation of such dreams is that it is time for you to be more independent and self-reliant by moving away from your parents. When life forces you into permanently or temporarily losing your parents, either by death or by other circumstances such as foreign travel, you may experience dreams of being orphaned. The dream might not refer to your relationship with your family at all, but might be telling you that you are feeling abandoned, unloved, rejected and misunderstood by your partner, friends or colleagues in waking life.
If this is the case, the dream connects to feelings of belonging or not belonging in waking life.
If you are looking after an orphan in your dream, you are attempting to heal that part of you that feels unloved.... The Element Encyclopedia
For a man to dream that he sees coconut palms being climbed by black boys is a sign of some unexpected and curious event that will come about through the activities of his sweetheart.... The Complete Dream Book
Firmly associated with kissing at Christmas, mistletoe was once believed to have great healing powers and symbolized wisdom. Today the dream is likely to have sexual overtones and may signify your attraction to someone in waking life.... The Element Encyclopedia
A large, beautiful predator refers to sexual “hunger” (beware!). Small wild animals indicate that you are still unsure about male sexuality. Fear of and fleeing from a predator)’ animal: you are “fleeing” from your own sexuality. See Lion, Tiger.
Depth Psychology: Make sure that your “wild” passions and appetites are under control. See Animals.
A wild cat means deceit (either your own or that of someone else). See Cat.... Dreamers Dictionary
If a warrior sees himself wearing a red silken garment in a dream, it means that he will be decorated for his chivalry. Red in a dream also represents the world, its glitters and material pleasure.
(Also see Blushing)... Islamic Dream Interpretation
A deep, blood red is usually a portent of good news to come.
It is also the color of passion and the entire dream should be analyzed to get the true meaning.... Tryskelion Dream Interpretation
The woman leaned forward to poke my hand, and I recoiled, screaming myself awake (Joy S). Even where red appears quite casually in a dream, as with the hat in the example, there is frequently fear, screaming, horror or a sense of danger in the same dream. Less frequently, red represents blood, menstruation; the biological life force; conception; death. Red face: anger; high emotion. Red bnck building : homeliness, warmth. Red furniture or decor plush; richness. Red flowers: love, passion, dangers of passion. Red clothes or motif: sexuality, passion; strong emotions. Red and grey together : emotions connected with depression. Rose pink, love. Pale pink: baby feelings; weakness. Idioms: see red; in the red; red carpet; red light district; red faced. ... A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences
It is a warning of danger.
For the Hindus, red means vitality and expansion.
For the Mayans, red meant victory and success.
For the Chinese, red is the color of luck. In alchemy, red is the color of emotions, of Blood, and Fire.
The colors of heaven and hell are red. Red is the color of overwhelming emotional upheaval and in a dream often points to a situation that is packed with intensity.... Little Giant Encyclopedia
Vital life, energy and passion, especially bright reds. Brownish-red: Death, bitterness, or smoldering anger.
Danger! Stop whatever you’re doing and look more closely, just as you would at a traffic light.
Red cape: Used in bull fighting, this is symbolic of controlling the masc uline nature.
Red caps: Often worn by mischievous fairies or wizards in fables, this might indicate your own yearning for a little playfulness and knavery.
Bright scarlet: Anger or fury (e.g., “seeing red”).
Red tape: Delays to the point of nearly being halted, often caused by bureaucratic approaches, people, or requirements.... The Language of Dreams
Depth Psychology: See the chapter “Colors in Dreams.”... Dreamers Dictionary
It is also the color of blood and fire.
A softer red is also a symbol of love, as well as mercy, brotherly love, and compassion. When intense, red can also indicate hate.
If red flashes through our dreams, our soul is ready for action; it indicates either admiration or suffering.
A “passionately” red dress we put on in a dream is a sign of strong sexual desire. But red can also mean sin, rage, and the devil. Dark red is a symbol of passion, greed, energy, and anger. Light red stands for warmth and affection.
Color Therapy: Red is a good color to use in cases of depression, lack of energy, bladder infection, pale skin, anemia, circulatory problems, impotence, and frigidity.
Depth Psychology: Red can mean luck, joy, happiness, energy, action, but also hate, blood, greed, irritability, temper tantrums, and will power.... Dreamers Dictionary
A deep, blood red is usually a portent of good news to come.
It is also the color of passion and the entire dream should be analyzed to get the true meaning.... Encyclopedia of Dreams
A beautiful clear mid-red is the correct one for these qualities; if there is any other red in dreams, its attributes may not be totally uncontaminated.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
(See Colors.)... Complete Dictionary of Dreams
This color also symbolizes profligacy, raciness, and the immorality of “fallen women” (e.g., Hester Prynne in The Scarlet Letter).... Dream Symbols in The Dream Encyclopedia
Revenge or retaliation is not advisable.
If red features in your dream, perhaps you should consider the tone that was being used. Lighter shades of red can be representative of excitement (especially sexual), passion, energy, and life. However, deeper or ‘weighed- down’ shades of red may be indicative of the overheated emotions of lust and anger, and the impulsive desire for revenge. Notice again how the ‘stop’ sign is red; red can thus be seen as a hint from your subconscious to stop acting in a particular way.
Because red is the color of blood, it may also denote physical strength, vital energy and the life force which, depending on the context of the dream, may be ebbing away or throbbing with life. A red heart may stand for deep-seated sexual energy or desire in waking life, red ears may suggest embarrassment or guilt, whilst a red nose is often thought to indicate an inquisitive nature. Red flames are believed to indicate the threat of danger, red wine is often linked to feelings of satisfaction and contentment, and a red rose is typically tied to the idea of romance and passion. Who was holding the red rose in your dream?
Other considerations to take into account include whether the red in your dream suggests being ‘in the red’ (in debt), or brings to mind a person who holds socialists beliefs (a red). It can also refer to a scarlet (sexually permissive) woman, or to waving the proverbial red flag at something, or someone, who provoked you. Keywords: danger, shame, sexual impulses, passion and urges.
Perhaps you need to stop and think about your actions.... The Element Encyclopedia
The second relates to the exclusivity of passage relegated to only a certain few. This symbol can indicate a sense of aspiration in a dream.
If you are witnessing someone else on a red carpet, that person is an aspect of your own personality that has the capability of helping you aspire to greater things. This image in a dream may also point to a desire to be recognized for some special ability or particular accomplishment in your life.... Complete Dictionary of Dreams
2- On a psychological level there is healing and self-awareness.
3- A Red Indian represents an inner power of which we may or may not have been aware.
The dreamer should now be prepared to investigate his spirituality further.... Ten Thousand Dream Dictionary
A red light can also be a sign of prostitution, and the message to beware of the temptation to sell yourself out with regards to your talents, gifts and/or resources. See Prostitute.... Strangest Dream Explanations
To dream that you drive through a red traffic light without stopping means that you do not consider the consequences of your actions. Watch those reckless habits!... My Dream Interpretation
If your position at work is uncertain in your waking life, your dreaming mind may also be preparing you for the inevitable and highlighting the importance of being prepared.
If you did actually lose your job and your dreaming mind keeps reminding you of your sense of rejection, then you need to work through your feelings and move forward with your life.
Frustration... The Element Encyclopedia
If the dreamer is already retired in real life, it is just a reflection of their current situation.... The Big Dictionary of Dreams
A sacred person, place or thing will almost certainly have to do with self-transformation, the healing of psychological wounds, the resolving of internal conflict, revelations of your destiny, the uncovering of neglected capacities and qualities and the achieving of personal balance and fullness.... A Dictionary of Dream Symbols
Depth Psychology: Scares and fearful emotions have made you vulnerable and insecure.
The dream is a sign that you need to come to terms with the reasons for them. Pay attention to the rest of the symbols in the dream.... Dreamers Dictionary
If you know exactly what scared you in your dream, check out that dream symbol in this dictionary to get an even deeper interpretation.... My Dream Interpretation
Depth Psychology: As a weapon, the tank is a symbol of Aggression.... Dreamers Dictionary
It is important to try to remember what the cause was in the dream and then interpret its symbolism. Perhaps, you have not yet noticed the real reason for the excessive fatigue that you suffer.... The Big Dictionary of Dreams
To climb a tree is a sign of swift elevation and preferment.
To cut one down, or pull it up by the roots, denotes that you will waste your energies and wealth foolishly.
To see green tress newly felled, portends unhappiness coming unexpectedly upon scenes of enjoyment, or prosperity. See Forest.... Ten Thousand Dream Interpretation
If a person drams that he has received fruit or leaves of a specific tree, it means he will receive abundant wealth from such a person who resembles that particular tree in personality and character.... Islamic Dream Interpretation
The branches are the abilities, directions and many facets we develop in life—varied and yet all connected in the common life process of our being.
The tree can also symbolise new growth, stages of life and death, with its spring leaves and blossom, then the falling leaves.
The top of the tree, or the ends of the branches, are our aspirations, the growing vulnerable tip of our personal growth and spiritual realisation.
The leaves may represent our personal life which may fall off the tree of life (die) but what gave it life continues to exist.
The tree is our whole life, the evolutionary urge which pushes us into being and growth. It depicts the force or process which is behind all other life forms —but seen as it expresses in our personal existence.
In some old manuscripts pictures show a man lying on the ground and his penis growing into a tree, with fruits, birds, and perhaps people in its protective shade. This illustrates how one’s personal life energy can branch out from its source in the basic drives, and become creativity, fruitfulness, some- thing given to others.
The tree can also represent the spine, and the different levels of human experience—physical, sensual, sexual, hungers, emotions, relatedness, communication, thought, awareness.
Example: ‘I was about eight years old when I had this dream. In it I was sitting in a large garden. I believe there was a big house nearby which was our family house—not our real house. With me were other members of my family, and there was a baby boy too. Nearby was a laige tree. We climbed this tree, the baby as well, to see what was at the top.
The baby fell out of the tree. We climbed down and took the baby to a room and lay it on a bed. It seemed to be asleep and didn’t wake up. Later we went back to the room to see the baby but it had gone. In its place was a bluebird. As we looked the bluebird flew away’ (told to author on LBC radio programme).
The tree in this dream depicts the child’s sense of her life as it might develop or grow in the future. Climbing it shows her exploring what it might be like to grow up. At about eight most children unconsciously develop a philosophy which enables them to meet the difficulties of meeting the growth of self awareness, which includes the knowledge of death at the end of life.
The dreamer looks at this by having the baby fall out of the tree. Death is seen as the bluebird which flies away.
Example: ‘I flew low over small trees which were just coming into leaf. They had beautiful soft green leaves. I knew it was autumn and the leaves were only just coming out because it had been a cloudy, overcast summer. I felt the leaves would have time to mature because the sun would be out in the autumn, and the trees would not die’ (Colin C). Colin dreamt this in his early 50s, at a time when he felt frustrated by not being able to achieve a regular source of income or, more important, feel satisfied with what he had achieved in life.
The flying shows him taking an overview of his situation.
The poor summer is his feelings that the years of his life which should have been most productive had been poor—literally, the sun had not shone on his endeavours. But he feels encouraged because he senses that his personal ‘summer’ is still to come, and his many endeavours—the trees—would not prove unproductive.
A wood, collection of trees: the natural forces in one’s own being, therefore one’s connection with or awareness of the unconscious, other people’s personal growth and connection with self. Dead tree: past way of life; something which was full of life for you in the past, but is now dead; dead relative. Falling tree: sense of threat to one’s identity, loss of relative. Christmas tree, other evergreen: the eternal aspect of our transitory experience. Human, animal hung on tree: personal sacrifice; the death of some part of self so further growth can occur—death of dependence so independence can arise; the pains and struggles, the sense of crucifixion occurring in the maturing process. Oak: strength, masculinity. Flowering tree: fertility, femininity. Idioms: top of the tree; family tree; bark up the wrong tree. See death and rebirth and the self under archetypes; second example in wife under family; fifth example in flying. See also individuation. ... A Guide to Dreams and Sleep Experiences
It is also indicative of your uniqueness and maturity.
To dream that you are climbing a tree signifies that you will accomplish your professional goals and become a member of the higher echelon of society.
The degree of difficulty that you experienced when climbing the tree is commensurate with the speed of achieving these goals.
To dream that you cut down a tree signifies that you are foolishly pursuing things that are a waste of your resources.
To see a falling tree in your dream means that you are not on the correct path in terms of going after your dream.... Dream Symbols and Analysis
If you see a Tree cut down, then expect loss in business.
To dream of climbing Trees is a certain omen of hard work and little luck, whatever happens in your dream.... Mystic Dream Book
A tree with wide branches would suggest a warm loving personality, whereas a small close-leafed tree would suggest an uptight personality.
A well-shaped tree would suggest a well-ordered personality, while a large, messy tree would suggest a chaotic personality. Branches signify the stages of growth we go through, and leaves suggest the way we communicate to the rest of the world.
To be climbing the tree suggests we are looking at our hopes and abilities, in order to succeed.
To be chopping a tree down indicates the need for a complete overhaul of our beliefs and ideals and symbolizes radical change.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
The trunk of the tree gives an indication of how we use the energies available to us, and also what exterior we present to the world.
A rough trunk suggests obviously a rough and ready personality, whereas a smoother trunk would indicate more sophistication.... Dream Meanings of Versatile
For more dream meanings about trees, continue reading below.
If you dream of climbing a tree, you will achieve your career goals and reach those high places in society.
The degree of difficulty to which you climb the tree will measure the speed of your achievement of these goals.
To dream of planting a tree suggests that you are seeking spiritual nourishment.
To dream that you cut down a tree means you are wasting your energy, time, and money on foolish pursuits.
A talking tree (or talking to a tree) in your dream is a messenger from your unconscious mind. Pay attention to what the tree says, for they are trying to help you to trust your instincts and intuiton, and possibly warning you of dangerous or negative emotions that you have absorbed from others.
If you dream of a fallen or dead tree, this suggests that you are off balance and out of sync. You need to get yourself sorted out and headed in the right direction again.... My Dream Interpretation
• Do you feel disconnected from your family roots or perhaps you’re sensing an end to the family line? Explore the nature of your relationship to your family when trees appear in your dreams.
• Are you in danger of not being able to see the wood for the trees? Forests are about exploring the depth of yourself and discovering inner treasure.... The Premier in Dream Dictionary
Cutting down trees portends difficulties of your own making, and climbing a tree is one of the few exceptions to the “up is good” rule, as it indicates hard work for small gain.
Blossoming trees predict unexpected joy, and a row or line of trees indicates extended advancement Aspen signifies a season of loneliness; Crabapple a new experience; an Oak is a sign of faithful love; a Spruce promises good health.
To dream of tree stumps signifies changes and new beginnings.
Otherwise, see under individual listings, or Forest, Landscape, etc.... The Complete Guide to Interpreting Your Dreams
The tree’s roots draw on the depths of the unconscious, the trunk is the solid body and the branches reach to the enlightenment of heaven. According to Jung the tree is ’a symbol of the self…depicted in the process of growth’.
If this interpretation is used, dreams about trees can be seen to be symbolic of the basic structure of your inner life, telling you a great deal about yourself and your personal growth. Because each element of the tree’s structure also denotes aspects of you, your life, your past, your present and even your future, when one appears in your dreams it is best to work with the image fairly extensively. The shape of the tree and the condition of its roots, trunk, branches, leaves and fruit all send important messages, as does the landscape in which the tree is growing. And if you dreamed of a particular species of tree, understanding its symbolic associations will further aid your interpretation and your self-knowledge. See also FLOWERS; NATURE AND THE SEASONS; VEGETABLES AND FRUIT.... The Element Encyclopedia
If you mess something up in a dream because of being unprepared, you are worried that you don’t have what it takes to accomplish something expected of you in real life.... My Dream Interpretation
The unpreparedness motif can also emerge in other ways, such as when we dream about standing before a crowd on a stage or at a public forum, then realize that we have forgotten what we were going to say, or discovering we were never prepared to say anything in the first place.
A dream about being unprepared to take a test or give a speech might reflect anxieties about anything from how we will do on an upcoming job interview to whether we will succeed in a new marriage.
The core anxiety concerns doubts about our adequacy.... Dream Symbols in The Dream Encyclopedia
If you receive wilted blooms in dreamland as a gift from someone you know, think about the nature of your relationship with that person; your unconscious might have detected that the relationship is weakening. Similarly, if you are pricked by a hidden thorn in a bunch of roses given by colleague who was congratulating you in a dream scenario, is it possible that they are concealing real feelings of resentment towards you in waking life? If you gave a bunch of dead flowers to a difficult or strict former schoolteacher, could this highlight your extreme dislike of that person? To see flowers blooming in barren soil, however, signifies that your energy and cheerful nature will enable you to overcome your grievances.... The Element Encyclopedia